One of the biggest miracles in plant tissue culture is the ability to reproduce species of endangered plants. With all the deforestation and pollution in the world, there are at least 200 plant species in the world that go extinct every year. This is only the minimum amount of species on average. Sometimes the number goes all the way up to 2,000 species per year. Now you may think these are just unimportant plants that don’t produce anything for us. In actuality, many of these plant species are variations of important crop plants, like peanuts and potatoes. Since these plants are being unnaturally destroyed, then it will have a negative impact on human survival. Between the food we eat and the oxygen we breathe, all plant species on earth are important in our lives. They also affect the individual ecosystems in which they come from. Living things like animals and insects depend on the plants in their natural habitat for survival. If certain plants are endangered and go extinct, this could set off a chain reaction that could affect other life as well.
Micropropagation can take just one piece of tissue or leaf from an endangered plant and then create a whole new supply of them. This means people will be able to save endangered crop plants, ornamental plants, aquatic plants and every other type of plant species before they go extinct. Furthermore, it will preserve the food supply for herbivores that depend on plants for their survival. It will also sustain the absorption of carbon dioxide in various ecosystems and create a balance of lie. Recently, an endangered flower in India known as “Kurinji” was preserved because of tissue culture. All it took was a leaf from one plant to create a whole new population of them. Botanists there placed tissue samples from the leaf into class containers. Then six months later, the plants had already grown to the point where they could be taken out of the containers.
The world is filled with protected conservation land that is regulated by the government. However, these regulations only protect it from human destruction and deforestation. It cannot really protect it from global warming and climate change conditions, which are killing off plant species every year. With the help of tissue culture, these endangered plants can be saved and genetically modified to withstand harsh global warming conditions. This will increase their likelihood of survival when they are put back outside in the wild.