Any time you see flower buds or flowers with just a leaf and stem, they have been cut away from the original plant that grew it. These types of flowers are known as cut flowers. You will typically find cut flowers to be used for decorative purposes more than anything else. What’s great about cut flowers is you can put them virtually anywhere such as a vase, garland or wreath. The only problem with cut flowers is they have a short lifespan. As soon as they are cut away from the plant, they no longer have a natural way to obtain food and water. This means you have got to take care of them by supplying the food and water yourself. If you do this then they should last you for up to 10 days. But still, 10 days is not a long time for a piece of a plant that took months to grow. Cut flowers quickly eat up the lifespan of decorative plants for this reason.
Plant tissue culture is a way to produce more cut flowers so people can quickly replace their old ones after they die. Now you might think it would be better to use artificial flowers, but those are always so obviously artificial and never look as attractive as real cut flowers. The best cut flowers that last 10 days include sunflowers, liatris, statice, gladioli and lisianthus. The longer lasting cut flowers include roses, lilies, strawflowers, and carnations. You might get about two weeks with these flowers if they are properly treated. However, the biotechnology behind micropropagation could extend the lifespan of these cut flowers through the genetic modification of their plant tissues and cells. This means you could end up with the same cut flowers for up to a month, and you wouldn’t even have to water them much either. The added conveniences that tissue culture offers will make more people want to purchase cut flowers, which will increase the market for them. Then more people will have beautiful flowers around their homes and businesses without having to worry about tending to them so much. Not only that, but cut flowers will be exported from more countries and increase globalization in the industry. Thailand has already created a huge market for exporting orchids created through tissue culture. Perhaps other florists and horticulturalists around the world can find a unique cut flower made from micropropagation that they can export as well.