Agriculture enhanced by plant tissue culture

 

Agriculture enhanced by plant tissue culture

agriculture - plant tissue culture

Agriculture has never before in the history of the world have humans seen such little activity. More farm and crop lands are being destroyed due to pollution and deforestation. When you go to a supermarket you generally see more processed foods than natural produce. The only solution to fix this problem of limited agriculture is to take advantage of plant tissue culture, or micropropagation. When you think about the fruits and vegetables we eat on a daily basis, you have to remember these all come from plants. Without agriculture, these necessities of life will cease to exist. Micropropagation laboratories have been set up all around the world to preserve and regenerate these crops in order to prepare for the day when traditional crops become extinct. We are not just talking about decorative plants that look good around the yard. These are plants that human survival will depend on.

Have you ever heard of genetically modified foods? These foods are all derived from tissue culture. Now there are some controversies about whether genetically modified foods are good or not. The truth is the pros outweigh the cons. For example, GMO foods can be engineered to taste better the organic foods. If you were to take a green pepper and genetically modify the cells then you could make it sweeter and spicier. You can also sweeten corn, oranges, apples, and so on. This will encourage people to want to eat their fruits and vegetables, which are usually known for not being so tasty. Another benefit to GMO crops from tissue culture is the increased resistance to disease. A common problem you see on farms is signs of disease on the leaves and produce of the crops. Normally this would mean having to throw out the crops and replant new ones. But GMO crops can be engineered so that vaccines to various plant diseases can be encoded into the genetics of the crops. It is like creating them with an already existing immune system that is strong and resistant to disease.

Contrary to popular belief, GMO foods can actually be healthier than traditional foods. Food engineers can genetically modify foods so they have an abundance of vitamins and minerals in them. This could greatly help out third world countries around the world that desperately need good nutritious foods for their people. Since these are the countries that are hurting in the agricultural industry, plant tissue culture can help feed more people and allow them to lead healthier lives.